India, one of the fastest-growing smartphone markets in the world, holds immense potential for tech giants like Apple. The country’s vast population and its growing middle class have made it an attractive destination for the tech giant to expand its manufacturing base. However, Apple’s entry into the Indian market has been marred by labor issues, with reports of poor working conditions and inadequate wages in its supplier factories.

For years, Apple has relied on its partnership with Foxconn, the world’s largest contract manufacturer, to produce its iPhones and other gadgets. However, Foxconn’s reputation has been tarnished by a series of labor controversies, including allegations of worker exploitation and abuse.

With Apple looking to expand its presence in India, both the tech giant and Foxconn have been working to address these issues and win labor reforms. Their efforts are seen as critical to building trust with the Indian government and public, and to help move the country towards becoming a global manufacturing hub.

Foxconn’s Labor Reforms

Foxconn has been making strides in improving working conditions in its Indian factories. In 2020, the company announced a series of labor reforms aimed at protecting worker rights and improving safety measures. These included increasing wages, reducing working hours, and improving living conditions for workers in its factories.

Foxconn has also formed a partnership with the Fair Labor Association (FLA), an independent labor rights organization, to assess and monitor compliance with its labor standards. Under the partnership, the FLA has conducted audits of Foxconn’s factories in India and made recommendations for improvement.

The company’s efforts to win labor reforms have been welcomed by the Indian government and labor activists. In a statement, India’s Ministry of Labor and Employment said that it “welcomes the increased focus and commitment of Foxconn to addressing labor issues in its Indian operations.”

Apple’s Partnership with Foxconn

Apple has also been working closely with Foxconn to improve working conditions in its supply chain. The tech giant has established a Supplier Code of Conduct, which sets out minimum labor standards that its suppliers must meet. Apple conducts regular audits of its suppliers’ factories to ensure compliance with its code.

In 2019, Apple published a list of its suppliers, including Foxconn, for the first time, a move seen as a step towards greater transparency in its supply chain.

Apple’s efforts to win labor reforms in its supply chain have been praised by labor activists. A 2020 report by the China Labor Watch found that working conditions in Apple’s suppliers’ factories had improved significantly over the past few years, with fewer instances of worker exploitation and abuse.

Apple’s India Plans

Despite the challenges, Apple is determined to expand its manufacturing base in India. The tech giant has been making significant investments in the country, including a $1 billion manufacturing plant in Chennai and a research and development center in Hyderabad.

Apple’s expansion plans have been welcomed by the Indian government, which is keen to attract more foreign investment to the country. The government’s “Make in India” campaign, launched in 2014, aims to build India’s manufacturing sector and create jobs.

Apple’s entry into the Indian market is also seen as a boost for the country’s growing economy. According to a report by industry body, the Confederation of Indian Industry, Apple’s presence in India could create over 500,000 jobs in the country’s electronics manufacturing sector over the next five years.


Apple and Foxconn’s efforts to win labor reforms in India are a significant step towards building a transparent, responsible, and sustainable supply chain. By improving working conditions, protecting worker rights, and ensuring compliance with labor standards, both companies are helping move the country towards becoming a global manufacturing hub.

At the same time, Apple’s expansion into India offers an opportunity to boost the country’s economy, create jobs, and strengthen ties with one of the world’s largest tech companies. As Apple and Foxconn continue to work towards winning labor reforms, their efforts will serve as an example for other companies that want to enter the Indian market and build a responsible supply chain.